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Civics and Economics

National Center for Public Policy Research Index of Historical Documents

7.1  The student will compare the Charters of the Virginia
     Company of London, the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the
     Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom, the Declaration of
     Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the
     Constitutions of the United States and Virginia, as amended,
     with emphasis on their treatment of
     *   fundamental political principles including
         constitutionalism and limited government, rule of law,
         democracy and republicanism, sovereignty, consent of
         the governed, separation of powers, checks and
         balances, and federalism; and
     *   fundamental liberties, rights, and values including
         religion, speech, press, assembly and petition, due
         process, equality under the law, individual worth and
         dignity, majority rule and minority rights, etc.
Virginia Declaration Of Rights

Virginia Declaration of Rights(1776)

Declaration of Independance

Articles of Confederation

Constitution of the United States

7.2 The student will compare the national, state, and local governments, with emphasis on * their structures, functions, and powers; * the election and appointment of officials; * the division and sharing of powers among levels of government; * the separation and sharing of powers within levels of government; and * the process of amending the United States and Virginia Constitutions. Gopher Directory of the Executive Branch

Gopher Directory of the Judicial Branch

Legislative Information through

Virginia Government

State and Local Government- Virginia

7.3 The student will compare the election process at the local, state, and national levels of government, with emphasis on * nomination and promotion of candidates for elective office; * similarities and differences between the major political parties; * voter turnout; * evaluating accuracy of campaign advertising; and * distinguishing between reporting, analysis, and editorializing in the media, and recognition of bias. Please see previous SOL for links

7.4 The student will compare the policy-making process at the local, state, and national levels of government, with emphasis on * the basic law-making process within the respective legislative bodies; * the interaction between the chief executives and the legislative bodies; * the functions of departments, agencies, and regulatory bodies; * the roles of political parties at the state and national levels; * the ways that individuals and cultural, ethnic, and other interest groups can influence government policymakers; and * the impact of the media on public opinion and policymakers. Please see SOL 7.3 for links

7.5 The student will distinguish between the judicial systems established by the Virginia and United States Constitutions, with emphasis on * the organization and jurisdiction of Virginia and United States courts; * the exercise of the power of judicial review; * the process of bringing and resolving criminal and civil cases in Virginia's judicial system; and * the function and process of the juvenile justice system in Virginia. Virginia Courts Home Page

Federal Judicial System

7.6 The student will explain the structure and operation of the United States economy as compared with other economies, with emphasis on * the basic concepts of free market, as described by Adam Smith, and of communism, as described by Karl Marx; * the concepts of supply and demand, scarcity, choices, trade-offs, private ownership, incentives, consumer sovereignty, markets, and competition; * private and public financial institutions; * the economic impact of consumption, saving and investment, and borrowing by individuals, firms, and governments; and * the differences between free market, centrally planned, and mixed economies. Karl Marx

The Marxist Iternet Archive

Washington Institute Foundation (for Free Market

The Adam Smith Institute

7.7 The student will describe the role of governments in the United States economy, with emphasis on * provision of public goods and services; * protection of consumer rights, contracts, and property rights; * the impact of government taxation, borrowing, and spending on individuals and on the production and distribution of goods and services; and * the role of the Federal Reserve System and the impact of monetary policy on the money supply and interest rates. 7.8 The student will compare the American political and economic system to systems of other nations, including Japan, China, and leading Western European nations, in terms of * governmental structures and powers; * the degree of governmental control over the economy; and * entrepreneurship, productivity, and standards of living. 7.9 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens in America by * describing ways individuals participate in the political process, such as registering and voting, communicating with government officials, participating in political campaigns, serving on juries and in voluntary appointed positions; * describing and evaluating common forms of credit, savings, investments, purchases, contractual agreements, warranties, and guarantees; and * analyzing career opportunities, in terms of individual abilities, skills, and education, and the changing supply and demand for those skills in the economy. 7.10 The student will interpret maps, tables, diagrams, charts, political cartoons, and basic indicators of economic performance (gross domestic product, consumer price index, productivity, index of leading economic indicators, etc.) for understanding of economic and political issues.